Native Garden Nursery
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Riverbank Plantings
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Many New Zealanders have a riverside property. Planting of riverbanks can minimise erosion, assist in water quality, provide areas for wildlife to live and create an attractive and special part of your garden.

There are some points to consider with riverside planting including choosing plants that can withstand wet feet or occasional flooding and choosing plants with good root structure to control erosion. Existing trees may need to b retained due to council regulation (ie, poplars and willows) and clearing of weeds before starting (check with your chemical supplier for suitable sprays) is recommended.

Riverside areas can be referred to as 'riperian' or 'riverine' areas.

Below is a list of plants to consider. Those in bold will take flooding or very wet feet, while others need to be a little higher on the bank.

There are many other plants that can be used higher up on the riverbank where flooding/wetness may not be a problem. In those areas you can either keep the planting 'natural' or introduce a 'garden' theme.
 

Plant Suggestions for Riverbank gardens
  Botanical Name Common Name
  Grasses  
  Anemanthele lessoniana Bamboo Grass
  Carex coriacea Sedge
  Carex solandrii Sedge
  Carex trifida Sedge
  Carex secta Sedge
  Chionchloa flavicans Tussock Grass
  Cortaderia spp Toetoe
  Dianella nigra NZ Blueberry
  Juncus spp Rush
     
  Groundcovers  
  Aceana spp Bidibidi
  Asplenium bulbiferum Hen & Chicken Fern
  Blechnum capense Kio Kio Fern
  Coprosma prostrata Coprosma (mat)
  Elatostema rugosa Parataniwha
  Fuchsia procumbens Prostrate Fuchsia
  Gunnera prorepens  
  Pratia angulata Panakenake
     
  Shrubs  
  Coprosma propinqua Mingimingi
  Coprosma robusta Karamu
  Hebe stricta Koromiko
  Jovellana spp  
  Leptospermum hybrids Manuka
  Machaerina sinclairii Broad Sedge
  Phormium cookianum Mountain Flax
  Phormium tenax & hybrids Flax
  Pseudowintera colerata Pepper Tree
     
  Trees  
  Agathis australis Kauri
  Alectryon exclesa Titoki
  Aristotelia serrata Wineberry
  Beilschemedia tawa Tawa
  Carpodetus serratus Marbleleaf
  Cordyline australis Cabbage Tree
  Cyathea dealbata Ponga
  Cyathea medullaris Mamaku
  Dacrycarpus Kahikatea
  Dacrydium cupressinum Rimu
  Dicksonia squarrosa Wheki
  Fuchsia excorticata Tree Fuchsia
  Griselinea littoralis Broadleaf
  Hoheria Lacebark
  Kunzea ericoides Kanuka
  Laurelia novae-zelandiae Puketea
  Leptospermum Manuka
  Melicytus ramiflorus Whiteywood
  Nothofagus Beech
  Pennantia corymbosa Kaikomako
  Pittosporum eugenoides Lemonwood
  Plagianthus betulinus Ribbonwood
  Plagianthus divaricatus Shore Ribbonwood (Salt water)
  Podocarpus totara Totara
  Prumnopitys ferruginea Miro
  Prumnopitys taxifolia Matai
  Pseudopanax arboreus Fivefinger
  Rhopalostylis sapida Nikau
  Schleffera digitata Pate
  Sophora microphylla Sth Island Kowhai
  Sophora tetraptera Kowhai
  Weinmannia racemosa Kamahi

 

For further information contact:
Local Council
Department of Conservation
Local Fish and Game Council

 

 


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